Together with Becky Jarvis and Kouame Timothée Kouadio, I conduct fieldwork with native speakers of Atchan (Ebrié), a Kwa language spoken in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. This work is supported by an Oswalt Endangered Language Grant. In my research on Atchan, I focus on morpheme-specific patterns of nasalization, as well as grammatical tone. I additionally currently supervise nine undergraduate students at UC Berkeley (Cat Almeida, Kaylee Cameron, Ryder Coble, Lindsay Hatch, Joie Hua, Laura Ma, Wesley Martinez, Renée Messinger, and Carli Trillo) as they transcribe and text-align both textual and elicitation Atchan data.

Alongside my advisor Hannah Sande, I have been working with speakers of Guébie, an endangered Kru language spoken in southwestern Côte d'Ivoire, since fall 2018. In my work with Guébie, I have focused broadly on documentation and description of the language, and more specifically on the phonology and morphosyntax of negation, which is expressed tonally on the material in subject position. In joint work with Julianne Kapner, I have recently begun a community-centered project for orthography development for Guébie.

Through a Field Methods course at Berkeley taught by Lev Michael in fall 2020 and spring 2021, I have worked with two native speakers of Paraguayan Guaraní, a Tupi-Guaraní language spoken in Paraguay. Due to the pandemic, all fieldwork was conducted remotely over Zoom. My research interests in Paraguayan Guaraní center on the nasal harmony system and its interactions with loanword morphophonology. 

I had the chance to work with a US-based native speaker of Gã, a Kwa language spoken in Accra, Ghana, through a Field Methods course at Georgetown taught by Hannah Sande in fall 2019. In my research on Gã, I have focused on grammatical tone and a phonological account of STAMP morphs in the language. 

I wrote my senior thesis at Georgetown based on work with US-based native speakers of Mòoré, a Gur language spoken in Burkina Faso, focusing on documenting and analyzing grammatical tone processes in the language. 


I am interested in the morphophonology of STAMP morphs – portmanteau morphs which consist of person features as well as tense, aspect, mood, and/or polarity (negation) features. The presence of these morphs is an areal feature of the Macro-Sudan Belt: I am currently conducting a typological survey of STAMP morphs in the area, in collaboration with Hannah Sande, Karee Garvin, Anna Macknick and Lydia Felice. As they exhibit properties of both pronouns and auxiliaries, STAMP morphs are a challenge to implement in many theoretical models, and they offer unique insight into the interface between morphology and phonology, and the division of labor between the two. 


Harmony of all kinds is common across languages of West Africa (as well as in other areas of the world, like South America): my research centers around the intersection of harmony with morphology. In Atchan, for instance, only certain types of morphemes (specifically, singular subject pronouns) trigger consonant-vowel nasal harmony. I'm interested in variation across languages in terms of the domain of harmony processes: for instance, the domain of nasal harmony in Paraguayan Guaraní is a root and its prefixes, while the domain of nasal harmony in Atchan is much larger, as it can include a subject pronoun, any auxiliaries, and the verb root. I'm also interested in the directionality of harmony: what can trigger harmony, and in which direction? When can a single trigger result in harmony in both directions?


Most of the world's languages are tonal. In many African languages, tone has both lexical and grammatical functions: tone distinguishes otherwise identical lexical items, and also has a role in inflection for different grammatical categories. I'm interested particularly in grammatical tone, and have done some work in this area on grammatical tone patterns in Gã, Mòoré, and Guébie. This interest sometimes overlaps with the study of STAMP morphs, as tone on subject pronouns can be (and often is, in West African languages) an exponent of categories like tense, aspect and negation.